A solar battery is a device that can be added to your solar power system to store extra power generated by your solar panels. Then, you can use that stored energy to power your home when your solar panels aren’t producing enough electricity, such as at night, on cloudy days, or during power outages
A solar battery’s purpose is to help you use more of the solar energy you generate. Any excess solar power goes to the grid if you don’t have battery storage. It means you’re creating power and distributing it to others without fully using the electricity your panels generate.
Solar Batteries: The Science Behind It
Lithium-ion batteries are the most common type of solar PV battery on the market today. This technology is also employed in cell phones and other high-tech batteries. The batteries work by storing chemical energy before converting it to electrical energy via a chemical process.
The process takes place when lithium ions emit free electrons, which flow from the negatively charged anode to the positively charged cathode. The lithium-salt electrolyte, a liquid inside the battery that balances the reaction by moving the necessary positive ions, encourages and enhances this movement.
This flow of free electrons generates the current required for humans to use electricity. The lithium ions travel back across the electrolyte to the positive electrode when you take electricity from the battery. The connected device is powered at the same time that electrons move through the outside circuit from the negative electrode to the positive electrode.
Multiple lithium-ion battery cells are combined with sophisticated electronics in home solar power storage batteries to control the system’s performance and safety. As a result, solar panel battery storage performs the same functions as rechargeable batteries by using solar energy as the first input to initiate the entire process of producing an electrical current.
Technology Comparisons for Battery Storage
There are two popular choices for solar PV battery types: lead-acid and lithium-ion. Since lithium-ion batteries have a higher Depth of Discharge and can store more energy than other batteries, they are preferred by solar panel manufacturers. Depth of Discharge, also referred to as DoD, is the proportion of a battery’s total capacity that can be utilised. For instance, a battery with a DoD of 95% can be safely used up to 95% of its capacity before requiring recharge.
As was already noted, lithium-ion battery technology is preferred by battery makers due to its greater DoD and dependability. They have the capacity to store more energy for a longer period of time and come in smaller sizes. However, lithium-ion batteries are more expensive than lead-acid batteries due to their many advantages.
Since they have been available for so long, lead-acid batteries—which use the same technology as the majority of automobile batteries—have been extensively used as in-home energy storage systems for off-grid power choices. Although they are still available on the market at reasonable costs, their popularity is dwindling because of their low DoD and short lifespan.
Solar Battery Storage Advantages
Adding battery backup for solar panels makes it simple to get the most out of your solar power system. Some of the key advantages of a home solar battery storage system are as follows:
Stores Electricity Production Excess: Especially on sunny days when nobody is home, your solar panel system can frequently provide more energy than you use. It will be sent to the grid if you don’t have battery storage for solar energy.
Minimises carbon footprint: You may go green by utilising the clean energy generated by your solar panel system by using a solar panel battery. When your solar panels don’t produce enough energy to meet your needs, you will have to rely on the grid if that energy isn’t stored.
Offers Protection Against Power Outages: Your home will have access to electricity during blackouts and other times when the grid is down because your batteries can store the extra energy generated by your solar panels.
A Subtle Approach to Backup Power Requirements: A solar power battery is the sole option for entirely silent backup power storage. You get to enjoy the benefits of clean energy that requires no maintenance while avoiding the noise that comes from a gas-powered backup generator.
If you’re considering integrating solar panel energy storage into your solar power system, it’s critical to comprehend how solar batteries operate. You can use any extra solar energy your solar panels produce since they function like a sizable rechargeable battery for your house.
It provides you with more choice over when and how you use solar energy. The lithium-ion battery is the most popular type of solar battery. It works by first storing energy through a chemical process before discharging it as electrical energy for use in your home.